Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
9.    Sulphurs
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Giant Black Stoneflies
12.  Golden Stoneflies
13.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
14.  Inch Worms

Perfect Fly Cicada
Beware! They are going to get you any day now. Your only hope is that the fish,
including trout, bream, smallmouth and largemouth bass eat them before they find
you. I designed an imitation of them in a hook size 6 and 8 so that you don't have to
use the real creatures. They are so realistic, your wife or husband will never know
the difference in them and the real bugs, much less the fish.

The body is foam, wings clear plastic, legs and antennae nylon that's very flexible
and returns to its original shape when bent by you or a big fish.
Their bright red
eyes are lit up by nuclear radiation we captured from the atmosphere
Japan that showed up here in the U.S. We injected it into a safe and secure
radiation compartment in the center of the Cicada. It is cooled by the water of the
streams you fish.

How did I design such a realistic, exacting imitation of the real 13 year old Cicada?
I'll never tell. All I know is that if you don't purchase all we tied, I'll be dead before
they emerge from the ground next time around.
Here is the link to our Perfect Fly
site where you can purchase them.

Eastern Pale Evening Duns
The Eastern Pale Evening Dun, or Ephemerella invaria, is one of the mayflies that
commonly called "Sulphurs" as well as "Eastern Pale Evening Duns". The
Ephemerella dorothea (Sulphur) is quite similar to the invaria (Eastern Pale Evening
Dun) species but there are important differences in color, hatch times, habitat and
methods of imitating them. Both species exist in the streams of the park. I guess
many of you would think I would just drop the Eastern part of the name, but I
haven't because there is a completely different mayfly called the Pale Evening Dun
that exist in the West. This could be a confusing factor, especially when someone is
purchasing imitations of them.

This mayfly is found in the Eastern U. S. and in some Mid-western trout streams. It's
found in Great Smoky Mountains National Park in many streams but only in isolated
sections of the streams. Where they exist, they exist in good quantities.

The body of the Sulphur is more of a true sulphur color than the Eastern Pale
Evening Dun. The Eastern Pale Evening Dun's body is a tannish, yellow color.
Because they are so similar in appearance, it's important to distinguish the two of
them because the methods you should use to imitate the species varies.

The sulphur is a hook size, and sometimes two hook sizes, smaller than the Eastern
Pale Evening Dun. Both of these species exist in the South Holston River and the
Clinch River as well as other tailwaters and freestone streams in the area.

The Eastern Pale Evening Dun mayflies usually hatch late in the afternoon from
about 4:00 to 7:00 P. M. In the streams of the Smokies they hatch approximately
two weeks earlier than the Sulphur Duns.

Generally, you will find Eastern Pale Evening Duns in moderately flowing water.
They like faster moving water than the Sulphurs they are often confused with. Most
of the time you will find them at the ends of long runs and riffles with moderate

Pools and large pockets with slow water that are located within fast water areas may
hold Sulphurs, but not the riffles or ends of long runs where the EPED's are found.
Of course, both of these get caught up in the fast water at times but that isn't where
you would want your fly to drift to imitate the emergers, duns or spinners. It reduces
your odds of success.

2011 James Marsh
Female Sulphur
Male Eastern Pale Evening Dun