Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Pale Evening Duns
9.    Giant Black Stoneflies
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
12.  Inch Worms

Visit Our Booth May 14 and 15 At Troutfest 2011

Little Yellow Stoneflies (Perlodidae Family) - Imitating the
The adult female Little Yellow Stoneflies can bring about some great dry fly fishing
late in afternoons in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The different species of
these stoneflies deposit their eggs at different times of the day depending on the
species and the time of year they hatch. Some of them, especially those species
that hatch during the hot summer, deposit their eggs only in the evenings.
isoperia species, or Yellow Sallies, usually start depositing their eggs in the
afternoons prior to dark. This is the key thing about the Yellow Sally that makes
them so important in the eyes of anglers.

You should start fishing an imitation of the adult Little Yellow Stonefly anytime you
actually observe the stoneflies depositing their eggs. You can easily see this
activity. They deposit the eggs by dropping down and usually bouncing along on
the surface. The bouncing helps them drop the eggs. At times they will actually lite
on the surface for a short time but for the most part, they just knock their eggs off
by touching the surface. You should look for this activity in the riffles and runs.
Wherever you see them depositing their eggs is exactly where you want to fish
imitations of the adults.

It would be nice if you could imitate the actual bouncing type of action but I can't
seem to make my fly, fly up and down to touch the water again after it lands. (Just
Kidding) You can jerk the fly around in attempts to imitate the bouncing action of
the female stoneflies but you will probably end up spooking more trout than you
fool. I think it's best to just use a drag free drift. Up and across cast seem to work
best for this but it really doesn't matter as long as you get the fly in the same area
of the stream they are depositing their eggs in without spooking the trout.

We have caught as many trout imitating egg laying Yellow Sallies as we have
caught in any short time span imitating any insect in the park. The only problem you
have is making sure you don't fish beyond 30 minutes after official sunset so that
you comply with the park's rules. The warmer the weather gets,s the more likely it is
these species of stoneflies will deposit their eggs.

Also, keep in mind, that on cloudy, overcast days the egg laying activity usually
starts earlier in the afternoon that it does on clear bluebird type sky conditions.

"Perfect Fly" Little Yellow Stonefly (Yellow Sally) Adult

2011 James Marsh