Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Pale Evening Duns
9.    Giant Black Stoneflies
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
12.  Inch Worms

Visit Our Booth May 14 and 15 At Troutfest 2011

Little Yellow Stoneflies (Perlodidae Family) - Imitating the
As mentioned previously, these nymphs crawl out of the water during the evenings
and emerge into adult stoneflies. They move from their fast water habitat by
crawling along the bottom to the banks and then crawling out on the banks as
nymphs. The trout look for them along the banks. The ideal place to present an
imitation of the nymph is near the edge of the streams close to the banks.

The best time to begin fishing an imitation of the nymph is about sunset. If it's
heavily overcast you may want to start earlier in the afternoon. The ideal areas are
the fast water runs and riffles. If you fish the nymph the normal way you do most
nymphs, you will probably spook the trout looking for the naturals along the bank.
There are two basic approaches, depending on the amount of trees and bushes
along the banks.

If you fish one of the uncommon areas along the banks of a stream that is clear of
trees and bushes, you should stay back away from the bank several feet and fish
the water close to the banks. Remember, trout may be able to hear the low
frequency sound made by a person walking along a bank through their lateral line
and they will also be easily spooked easily by your movements if you get too close
to them. If you just walk up to the edge of a stream and cast or wade into the water,
you will probably spook the very trout your trying to catch. If you are wading, and of
course in most cases you will probably have to in order to be able to reach most
areas along the banks, you should first stay well back away from the bank and fish
the area along the bank where you plan on entering the water.

When you wade into the water, move away from the bank you intend to fish ten to
twenty feet and fish the nymph
down and across allowing the nymph to swing
back around all the way to the bank. Make the down and across presentation out in
the stream towards the middle (or opposite bank if it's a very small stream). Mend
your line to help get the fly down close to or on the bottom. You will probably need
to add weight to help keep the fly down. Slowly swing the tip of the rod all the way
around directing downstream and then continuing the swing, all the way around
towards the bank. You should end the swing with the tip of the rod pointed towards
the bank. This will swing the fly all the way up to the bank in the area you are
attempting to fish. Continue to move downstream a step or two each cast covering
the water along the bottom from out in the stream all the way up to the bank. This is
the same approach you would normally use to swinging a wet fly or soft hackle fly
except you want the nymph to stay as close to the bottom as possible.

You will need to make longer cast than you are probably used to making in the
Smokies. Keep the fly twenty feet or more from you depending on the water. In
shallow water you may need to keep the fly as much as thirty feet or more from you
to keep from spooking the trout. Remember, the trout are facing you when you fish
in a downstream direction.

Make sure you keep the fly on the bottom. If it's swinging up off the bottom
mid depth or near the surface, you are not going to catch many fish. Weight it
down and keep it right on the bottom. When you pick it up slightly off the bottom,
the fly will swing towards the bank a few inches. Let it get back on the bottom
before you lift the rod again.

If you use this approach late in the afternoon during the time there's a Little Yellow
Stonefly hatch in progress,
you will catch trout and usually plenty of them.

"Perfect Fly" Little Yellow Stonefly (Yellow Sally) Nymph

2011 James Marsh