Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Pale Evening Duns
9.    Giant Black Stoneflies
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
12.  Inch Worms

Visit Our Booth May 14 and 15 At Troutfest 2011

Current Weather and Stream Conditions
The weather has turned a little cool for this time of the year. They are forecasting
there could be some frost in some areas tonight but the low should be in the high
thirties. I'm going to bet my tomatoes make it without me going to any trouble to
cover them. Now that I wrote that, Murphy's Law will probably take over. The lower
temperature shouldn't have any effect on the fishing although it will drop the water
temperature some. Hatches are sparse and scattered and the cool spell won't help
the situation any, but it shouldn't hurt it any either.

The National Weather Service precipitation map shows that most of the park only
got around three-forth to one inch of rain. One area of the North Carolina side
received over an inch. Little River rose some but has already fell back down in
good condition. All in all, conditions are very good.

Green Sedge (Caddisflies) - Adults
The adult Green Sedges usually don't show up in large concentrations in the
Smokies. Here's why. When a particular species of an aquatic insect hatches, it
goes through its cycle of emerging, mating, egg laying and dieing. Lets use a Quill
Gordon mayfly, for an example. There's only one species. It hatches and in about
two weeks in any one area, or four weeks in the entire park, the hatch is over for
the year. In this case there are the same number of nymphs, as emergers, as duns
as there are spinners, or egg layers. That's not the case with the Green Sedges.
There are (15) fifteen species in the park. Some hatch at near the same time, but
most do not. Most of them hatch at different times depending on the species. Some
species may hatch as much as two or three months from another species. Here's
why this is important.

At the beginning of the year, there are larvae (rock worms) of all 15 species in the
streams, maybe not in one particular stream, but at least in the park. Most streams
would have several species though. This means there's a lot of larvae or rock
worms in the water. In fact, when we checked streams for insects, which we did for
two years almost every week, at the beginning of the season we found lots of the
larvae. However, these larva pupate and hatch at different times. In general, that
means there's only a fifteenth or certainly far less Green Sedge hatching than there
are rock worms at any one time.

Now what does this mean to you? It means that any time you fish an imitation of the
larvae, or rock worms prior to mid-summer, you are imitating an insect that's
plentiful and readily available for the trout to eat. However, when any one species
hatches, in terms of quantity of the pupae and adults that are available for the trout
to eat, you would be imitating far fewer insects. It could be only a fifteenth or even
less of the total number of larvae.

The bottom line to this is although the larvae are very important to imitate, the
pupae and adults are usually not that important. It strictly depends on the stream
and the species of Green Sedge hatching. You may want to keep some flies
available to imitate the pupae and adults just in case there are a substantial
number of insects hatching and/or depositing their eggs;
however, you should
always have plenty of imitations of the larvae on hand and fish them
regularly prior to mid-season.
Up until about mid season, there's lots of them in
the water and being free-living larvae, they are always available for the trout to eat.
The trout are very used to seeing them.

There's usually more of them in Abrams Creek than anywhere. By the way, in this
case, I'm not referring to the Spring Creek portion or the section above Mill Creek
confluence. I'm referring the stream below there. The Green Sedges prefer the fast
water but the higher the pH, the better, because it provides more food for the
larvae to eat. You may see some increased egg laying activity in Abrams Creek.

Our Perfect Fly Adult Green Sedge

2011 James Marsh