Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Pale Evening Duns
9.    Giant Black Stoneflies
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
12.  Inch Worms

Slight Change in Hatches
Notice I am dropping the Hendricksons and Red Quills from the hatches that may
occur. I'm adding "inch worms". This makes a slight change in the 'Flies You Need

Green Sedge (Caddisfly) - Larva
These are the Rhyacophila species of caddisflies that are common in the streams
of Great Smoky Mountains National Park. The larvae of the Green Sedges are
called Rock Worms and sometimes Green Rock Worms. .

This is one of the free-living types of caddisflies. The larvae of these caddisflies do
not build cases that they carry with them. You will find them in the riffles and runs
where they live up until they hatch into moths. They prefer fast water and require
lots of oxygen.

You can catch trout throughout the season on imitations of the larvae or rock
worms. They are available for the trout to eat most of the time. They can get down
between and under the rocks of the stream's bottom but they are often exposed.
They are most exposed when they are eating.

There are numerous species of these caddisflies. In any one stream there may be
most all of the below species. These various species will usually hatch at different
times. Some may be fairly prolific and others may be sparse. You should keep your
eyes out for a hatch of the Green Sedges anytime from now until about the first of

The large number of species is one reason for the long hatch period. Below is a list
of the species that are found in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. There's
very, very little difference in them from the standpoint of imitating them. They are
almost identical and a magnifying glass is necessary to distinguish them in most

Rhyacophila accola
Rhyacophila acutiloba  
Rhyacophila amicis
Rhyacophila appalachia
Rhyacophila atrata
Rhyacophila carolina
Rhyacophila carpenteri
Rhyacophila fuscula
Rhyacophila glaberrima
Rhyacophila minor
Rhyacophila montana
Rhyacophila mycta
Rhyacophila nigrita
Rhyacophila teddyi
Rhyacophila torva

Tomorrow I will get into how you go about fishing imitations of these larvae.

2011 James Marsh