Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
3.    Little Brown Stoneflies
4.    Quill Gordons
5.    Blue Quills
6.    Little Black Caddis
7.    Hendricksons and the Red Quills
8.    Little Short-horned Sedges
9.    American March Browns

Embarrassing Note For Our "New Flies You Need Now" Link
I just noticed that the fly list page that we have had our "New, Flies You Need Now"
linked to was the wrong page. I hope that hasn't caused confusion but it probably
did. Sorry, I will be more careful.

Little Short-horned Sedges - Pupa
These caddisflies hatch both in the early Spring and another smaller hatch occurs
in the Fall. The hatches last a long time and can vary in intensity. Sometimes they
are very intense.

If you start seeing a lot of the adults on the rocks and banks you will know they have
already hatched. Unfortunately, that's usually too late to fish the pupa stage of the
hatch. That would indicate many, if not most of them had already hatched.

These caddisfly pupae use their middle legs to swim to the surface. They can hatch
on the surface but more often, they run or flutter across the surface to the banks or
rocks to hatch into adults out of the water. You will see this activity occurring often
where these caddisflies are plentiful.

This is our
"Perfect Fly" imitation of the Short-horned Sedge Pupa. Notice the short
antennae. This is where part of  this caddisflies' name came from.

The best way to imitate these caddisflies is to make a down and across presentation
near the ends of the runs and riffles. Mend your line a couple of times to get the fly
down.  Allow the fly to swing around until it's directly downstream of your position. By
just stopping the rod, holding it up at about a 45 degree angle, the current will bring
the fly back to the surface. Let it sit for a few seconds and repeat the cast moving
downstream a step or two after each cast.

Interestingly, Wisconsin Fly Fishing Guides Are In Short Supply
Because Of Their Popular Smallmouth Bass Fishing
I ran into an interesting problem. I have a Perfect Fly customer from England that is
coming to Wisconsin in mid April and wanted a guide for trout for two days for the
Wolf River. We told him that's not a problem and called the two fly shops nearby the
Wolf River that we were familiar with to try and arrange a guide for him. They only
have 14 guides between the two shops and every last one of them are booked solid
for the entire month of April. Also interesting, is that most of them are booked for
smallmouth bass trips. We then proceeded to check other guides that advertise
online and every other fly shop within a hundred miles of the Wolf River that we
could find without any luck.

I guess I'm used to guides around the Smokies, with a few exceptions, always
looking for clients. I just didn't think there would be a problem getting a guide in
Wisconsin. I was only worried about getting one that treated our customer right. I
was fully prepared to warn the gentlemen that we had zero experience with the
guide but that didn't happen. We couldn't find one.

I also thought mid April was early in the season for Wisconsin. I know the weather is
still cold at least for most of the month. I guess not. What's interesting about that is
in my opinion, it's proof that the smallmouth bass fishing in Tennessee and North
Carolina is much underrated. I have always contended that. The largest smallmouth
are in these two states, along with three tailwaters in North Alabama which actually
hold the largest of all. That's for a simple reason. The growing season is longer.

It's obvious that other states do a better job of promoting their smallmouth bass
fishing than Tennessee or North Carolina. I've always thought that the state of
Virginia did the best job of promoting the smallmouth fishery. Everyone seems to
think that state has the top smallmouth fishing and it just isn't true, although it is
very good.

We will be shipping his flies to a business contact of his in Antigo Wisconsin and
doing our best to help him with what we know about the Wolf River even though we
haven't fished it in April. If anyone needs a guide job, I suggest they go to Wisconsin.

2011 James Marsh