Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
3.    Little Brown Stoneflies
4.    Quill Gordons
5.    Blue Quills
6.    Little Black Caddis

Current Conditions In The Smokies:
There are some Blue Quills and Quill Gordon mayflies starting to hatch  There's
also a fair number of Little Brown Stoneflies of two different families continuing to
hatch. Although what is occurring is still sparse, the numbers will increase over the
next three or four days. The potential problem is going to be the amount of rainfall,
not the lack of hatches. We have a cold front passing and although I'm sure there
will be times you can fish without fishing in the rain, you should take this into
consideration. The water levels are back in good shape as of now but there's the
possibility the streams could be high again this weekend. .

Little Black Caddis - Pupae
Although the Little Black Caddis hatch is a favorite of many because of its good dry
fly fishing, you can catch more trout faster on an imitation of the pupae just before
these caddisflies start to hatch on any given day. When you see a good number of
them trying to get off the water, you may want to switch to a dry fly even though the
pupa imitation will still produce better results. In the cold water these caddis usually
hatch in, it takes a good amount of time for the adults to escape their pupae sheath
or skin to dry their wings well enough to fly. I have seen times the adults couldn't
even fly after they were out of the water and on the banks of the stream. This is
common in the early mornings when the low nightly temperature has dropped down
around the freezing mark. They become more active as the air warms during the
day. Everything is dependant on the water and air temperatures.

This is our Perfect Fly imitation of a Little Black Caddis pupa. These caddis hatch
from the riffles and runs but by the time they are on the surface trying to get rid of
their pupae skins, they have usually drifted to the ends of the runs and riffles where
the water has slowed down. This is the point the trout can easily pick them off. You
will often see swirls right at the surface of the water or flashes of trout feeding on
them a foot or two beneath the surface.

You fish the pupae imitation like a wet fly down and across, instead of up or up and
across. You should add a tiny amount of weight about 8 inches above the fly. We
use a small BB size split-shot. Cast it up and across the fast water of a run or riffle
and start mending the line (make two or three quick mends) when the fly first hits
the water. This helps get the fly down. Let the fly swing all the way around in the
current to the down and across position keeping snug contact with the fly or at least
watching the end of the fly line closely for a take. When it is all the way around, hold
the rod tip up at about a 45 degree angle and the fly will begin to surface due to the
current. That's when the trout normally take the fly. Sometimes they take it when its
almost all the way back to the surface. Let it sit on the surface a few seconds before
repeating the presentation. It's best to start up near the heads of the fast water and
work your way downstream along the run a step or two at a time. If you see the
adults begin to leave the water in flight, that's just below where you want the pupa
imitation to surface.

Down and Dirty  (some are clean) Tips and Recommendations for Fly
Fishing Destinations - Part 31
Just keep in mind that it is strictly one opinion that happens to be mine. The intent is to hopefully
give those interested a general idea of what to expect. Most likely every guide, affiliated business
entity and local angler will have a different opinion. These streams also have full coverage on our
Perfect Fly Stream Section.

Snake River Wyoming
The Snake River begins in Yellowstone National Park. Although we have a Perfect
Fly stream section on the
Yellowstone Park portion of the river , the section I am
referring to for this article is from Yellowstone NP through the Teton National Park
and the tailwater
below Jackson Lake outside of Teton National Park just above
Jackson Hole. This section of the river ends at Palisades Reservoir just inside the
Idaho state line where the tailwater section called the
South Fork of the Snake River
begins. We featured the South Fork part of the huge Snake River just a few days

The Snake River in Wyoming is the most beautiful section of tailwater in the United
States. The Teton Mountains are in the background the entire length of the first
thirty plus miles of the upper section of the river.

The trout are mostly native Snake River cutthroat trout but there's also plenty of
rainbows and browns in the river, especially in its lower section. You will probably
want to wait past the middle of July to fish this section of the Snake although you
can catch trout before the runoff. There's plenty of areas to wade and fish but I
suggest you fish it from a drift boat. It will be one of the most enjoyable trips you will
probably ever make even if you don't catch a single trout. That shouldn't be the
case, however. You should do well with the Snake River cutts. They are not very

I will give this section of the Snake River an "A" minus. The minus is there only
because the fishing isn't always specular. It can be but it depends greatly on the
stream flows.

2011 James Marsh