Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Sculpin, baitfish and small crayfish (Imitate with streamers)
3.    Little Brown Stoneflies
4.    Quill Gordons
5.    Blue Quills
6.    Little Black Caddis

Little Black Caddis
I think the Little Black Caddis (also called American Grannom and just Black Caddis)
is the most overlooked hatch in the park. This is one of the most plentiful caddisflies
there is in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. I'm sure all of you that have fished
the park have seen their larvae caddis attached to the rocks. They are the chimney
cases, or little square shaped wooden cases that gradually tapper down near the
tail end.

Although I'm certain some of these pupae are eaten by trout, I haven't come up with
an imitation of them for our Perfect Fly series because I don't think that many are
eaten. There are plenty of anglers that disagree with me on that and I could be
wrong about it. What I do know for certain, is that they will eat the pupae, newly
hatched adults and egg laying females readily.

This same hatch is called the "Mother's Day Hatch" in the Northwestern Rocky
Mountain states. In the mid-west and eastern states it is usually just called the Black
Caddis hatch. The
appalachia species is sometimes called the Apple Caddis. They
hatch when the water is between 48 and 50 degrees. We have caught plenty of
trout on several occasions when anglers were complaining about the lack of action
with the Quill Gordons and Blue Quills. In fact we have caught just as many trout
fishing this hatch as we have the two mayflies just mentioned. Although the hatch
last about a month from its beginning in the lower elevations to its end in the higher
part of the streams, it usually only last about a week in any one area.

There is a good reason many anglers like this caddisfly hatch. They hatch very
similar to many mayflies, that is on the surface in the mid stream sections of
moderately flowing riffles and runs. You can catch trout on the dry fly during the
hatch and also during the egg laying event which usually starts (from previous day
hatches) before the current day's hatch ends.

This is part of an article I wrote during a previous year:
This is one of the most overlooked hatches in Great Smoky Mountains National
Park. One reason is that is occurs near the same time as the Blue Quills and Quill
Gordons hatch. They even hatch about the same time of day which is the warmest
part of the day, usually early to mid-afternoon. There have been several occasions
during the last ten years that Angie and I have caught more trout fishing this hatch
than we did fishing the Quill Gordons or Blue Quills. Looking back over my tape
logs, I was reminded that three years ago during the first week of March when the
Quill Gordons started to hatch and then stopped because of a cold front that
dropped the water temperature down to around forty to forty-five degrees, we
caught trout in Little River for three straight days when no one else we talked to
caught anything. This took place at a very difficult place to find (kidding). Headed
downstream a short distance from the turnoff of the main road to Elkmont
Campground there is a larger parking lot and turn around area. It has a one way
coming back out. Right at the parking lot there is a nice run with several sets of
riffles above it. That general area is where we (fishing one at a time) managed to
catch over 50 trout in the afternoons during the three days I am referring to.

For those that are interested, these are Brachycentridae family species of the
Brachycentrus genus of caddisflies. There are several species including the
americanus, lateralis, numerosus, appalachia, occidentalis and others. They are all
very similar to each other. The
occidentalis species is called the Mother's Day

Our Congress At Work:
I had lots of email regarding this article yesterday. All but one was in general
agreement with what I wrote.
I will make a comment to clarify what I wrote
yesterday and then drop this subject.

One email stated in effect, that I was making the situation worse that it really was.
The truth is, that's just the opposite of what I did. As hard as it is to believe, the real
situation is even worse than what I wrote.

I was using the 4 billion dollar cut congress just passed for 2 weeks of what is
actually the current budget (that should have been finished last year),
just to
illustrate how little a 4 billion dollar cut in the budget every 2 weeks from
now on would accomplish.
As stated, it would take over 126 years just to pay the
principal amount on what we already owe but with interest, it would a many more
years than that. The 4 billion dollar cut approved yesterday, if extended for every 2
weeks for a full year,
would still leave an approximate 1.5 trillion dollar deficit
for the current year
. In other words, even it that was done for an entire year,
instead of reducing the debt, it would result in an increase in the current 14 trillion
dollar debt of another 1.5 trillion.

They haven't figured out how to balance the budget yet, much less reduce
the current 14 trillion debt.
What's even worse, is many of them don't even plan
on reducing the spending, much less the debt. They are afraid they want get
re-elected. In my opinion, it should be illegal not to balance the budget and illegal
not to begin reducing the debt. This is a very, very serious situation that everyone
should be concerned with but this is a fly fishing website and I'll get back to fishing.

Down and Dirty  (some are clean) Tips and Recommendations for Fly
Fishing Destinations - Part 30
Just keep in mind that it is strictly one opinion that happens to be mine. The intent is to hopefully
give those interested a general idea of what to expect. Most likely every guide, affiliated business
entity and local angler will have a different opinion. These streams also have full coverage on our
Perfect Fly Stream Section.

Continued tomorrow

2011 James Marsh